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Crude Oil Swap Deal: Nigeria Loses N222 Billion in One Year — NEITI

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A report by Premium Times has it that Nigeria lost over $723 million (about N221.5 billion, at N306.3 to $1) through the Offshore Processing Arrangement, OPA adopted by the Federal Government in 2015 to supply refined petroleum products in the country, the latest Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, NEITI 2015 Oil & Gas Industry Audit Report, has revealed.

The controversial arrangement was introduced by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation under the supervision of the then Minister of Petroleum Resources, Diezani Alison-Madueke, and was quite popular during the Goodluck Jonathan administration.

It was an arrangement that involved the allocation of Nigeria’s crude oil to select indigenous and foreign oil traders under agreed swap contract terms, in exchange for refined products for local consumption.

Considered an alternative arrangement for the country’s four dysfunctional refineries in Port Harcourt, Warri and Kaduna, the OPA was criticised by Nigerians as a channel for corruption and waste of the country’s crude oil resources.

Apart from the difficulty in getting commensurate value of petroleum products for the volume of crude oil allocated for refining, the arrangement was identified as one of the ways corrupt government officials funneled the country’s crude oil abroad for their selfish benefits.

The Buhari administration in November 2015 jettisoned the OPA for being “uneconomical and wasteful.”

In its place, the government opted for the Direct Sale-Direct Purchase, DSDP arrangement “to enthrone transparency and eliminate the activities of middlemen in the crude oil exchange for product matrix.”

Under the DSDP option, the NNPC directly sold crude oil and directly purchased refined petroleum products from international refineries.

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